Comparison of particle size measurements with laser-induced incandescence, mass spectroscopy and scanning mobility particle sizing in a laminar premixed ethylene/air flame

TitleComparison of particle size measurements with laser-induced incandescence, mass spectroscopy and scanning mobility particle sizing in a laminar premixed ethylene/air flame
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsStirn, R, Gonzalez Baquet, T, Kanjarkar, S, Meier, W, Geigle, KP, Grotheer, H-H, Wahl, C, Aigner, M
Refereed DesignationRefereed
Journal TitleCombustion Science and Technology
Volume181
Issue2
Start Page329
KeywordsMcKenna
Abstract

Particle size distribution functions (PSDF) and mean particle sizes have been determined in a laminar premixed ethylene/air flame with three different experimental approaches: photo-ionization mass spectrometry (PIMS), scanning mobility particle sizing (SMPS), and laser-induced incandescence (LII). The main goal of this investigation was the crossvalidation of these three methods used at our institute for the determination of particle sizes in a great variety of flames or exhaust gases. We found good agreement between the three methods in the ranges where they are comparable as well as a complementary behavior for the different size ranges. PIMS and SMPS are able to measure the particle size distribution functions with good resolution. PIMS is favorable in detecting the smallest particles (<6 nm) and thereby able to detect even bimodal distributions of the soot precursor particles. SMPS and LII are suitable in the mid- and upper range of the particle sizes (>2 nm and >3 nm, respectively). LII offers the particular advantage of being a non-intrusive method. This makes it applicable in extreme environments, such as high pressure flames, as well as in very sensitive flames because no probe is needed.

DOI10.1080/00102200802483498